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Spinners are among the easiest to fish with and the most efficient lures of all times. Their action can esily be felt by the tension they produce on the line; no tension means the blade is not rotating. Once the blade moves properly, it is really hard to do something wrong. What would improve an angler's success are two things: 1. Slowing Down; spinners catch more fish when retrieved slowly. 2. Casting at 45' across and upstream in a river would improve your fishing depth and lure speed resulting in more fish caught.
Spinners twist lines unless a good quality swivel is attached to them. The size of spinners used depends on the size of fish and the size of water. In some situations, small spinners #0 or #1 work great in very big rivers, but usually a #3-4 will be more commonly used for big trout and steelhead and sizes #4-6 for chinook on the big rivers. Small creeks are best fished with small lures; Panther Martin in sizes #1-2 are indispensible there.
Spinners can be made at home just like flies, provided components are available. I sometimes turn old willow leaf trolling rigs into a set of nice Mepps Aglia Long spinners by using some sliced lead sinkers for bodies.
Spoons are quite simple, but their wobble and flash paired with their ability to go down deep, make them irresistable to many trout. Fished the same way as spinners, spoons are trickier, as faster retrieves will result in them spinning; an undesireable action. A spoons catches more fish when it is just moving from side to side, without completely turning around. Because of their shape and weight, spoons can be cast at great distances. The kastmaster is, in fact, a spoon.
Jigs are weighted hooks with either feathers or soft plastic on them. Among the soft plastic lures, many have life-like looks and great action. While a fish would instantly be repelled by the hard feel of a spinner or spoon, soft plastics would feel real in its mouth. Jigs have many excellent features; they go down deep in seconds and can be drifted near the bottom. Their prices are modest and losing a few won't break the bank. Char are crazy about them.
This is a group of lures made of wood or plastic, that attract fish by their enticing vibration and wobbling. The first of them was designed by Lauri Rapala of Finland in 1936 for targeting big pike. Over the past decades many different variations of the lure were developed and the different shapes, sizes and colors will be impossible to describe. There are a few general principles that I would mention. Plugs are relatively light lures and will not allow the same casting distances as a spoon or spinner on lakes and big rivers. If one uses a plug under those situations, it is usually trolled. In smaller rivers, plugs can be cast or they can be drifted down the current and then suspended. In many situations plugs will out-produce other lures.
There is an amazing variety of lures, many of which may look quite strange. Devons (like the one in the picture), have bodies that spin around a shaft by using propellers.
Poppers and jitter bugs are top water plugs that make a wake on the surface, thus attracting big predators like bass, pike, but also taimen.
Many jigging spoons are nothing more that a flashy and heavy bar of metal (e.g. pilkers, buzz bombs).
This Canadian Rattle Snake lure can be viewed as a string of coins with a hook at the end.
Many lures come in unusual shapes and finishes like these Salmo Luxor and Little Cleo spoons.